Emergency Medical Technicians
The terms –or designations- ‘Ambulance Technician’ and Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) are utilized in certain countries in order to indicate a health care provider who offers medical services at an emergency capacity. EMTs are clinicians, who are trained to respond rapidly to emergency situations. These urgent matters could be with respect to medical matters, traumatic or catastrophic injuries and accidents of all natures.
EMTs are most commonly found working in ambulances, but should not be confused with “ambulance drivers” or “ambulance attendants
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Question 1 of 14
You are the first person to arrive at the scene of an MVA. (Motor Vehicle Accident) What is the first thing that you must do?Correct
When FIRST arriving on the scene, EMT’s must perform a “Scene Size-Up” which are steps taken by an EMT crew when approaching, arriving, and attending at the scene of an emergency call to ensure the safety of the crew, the patient and bystanders.
Question 2 of 14
What is always the first priority at a hazardous material incident?Correct
The EMTs primary priority must always be his or her own safety.
Question 3 of 14
You have an apneic patient with a suspected overdose to treat. The patient has already been loaded into the ambulance and entered into the patient compartment. What should you do first?Correct
Personal safety should always be the EMTs first priority.
Question 4 of 14
Choking and nerve agents are examples of:Correct
Nerve agents and choking agents are forms of chemical agents. Biological agents are intended to cause disease, not choking. Nuclear and radiological agents (or weapons) are intended to cause injury by way of blast, radiation, or thermal burns.
Question 5 of 14
Treatment on a patient should begin at a mass casualty situation:Correct
Treatment should never be administered until after triage is completed. Treatment should never be delayed for the collection of evidence or while waiting for ALS personnel to arrive. You should always be sure to request all necessary additional resources before beginning treatment.
Question 6 of 14
When should you take all standard precautions during a hazardous materials incident?Correct
Conventional precautions must be taken prior to making contact with the patient. Patient contact is necessary before assessing LOC, bleeding or the need of any invasive procedures.
Question 7 of 14
What is the most common weapon of mass destruction that is used by terrorists?Correct
Explosives are said to be the most common weapon of mass destruction used by terrorists.
Question 8 of 14
It is necessary to coordinate each medical resource team’s efforts through a centralized and unified command system at any mass casualty incident. How would this affect the team members and their operations?Correct
A unified command system can immensely reduce duplication of effort and freelancing. It should not complicate the communication between various team members and it should not delay patient care. However, just as any system or procedure, it definitely does require practice.
Question 9 of 14
Whenever you arrive at any motor vehicle accident scene, when should the rapid extraction technique be used?Correct
The rapid extraction technique is used for patients with possible life-threatening injuries. It should never be used when the scene of the accident is unsafe and it should not be used for patients who have isolated cervical spine injuries. It is not necessary for patients who display no signs of any obvious injuries.
Question 10 of 14
You have arrived at the scene of an MVA. The driver is trapped in the vehicle and it is leaking some type of motor fluid. When would it be appropriate to enter the vehicle in order to begin administering patient care?Correct
EMTs must never enter a vehicle until it is safe to do so. If you are an EMT and do not have specialized training, you should never attempt to disconnect the battery on a vehicle following a motor collision.
Question 11 of 14
With regards to the ERG (Emergency Response Guide, which of the choices below is true?Correct
The ERG will assist the EMTs in determining the evacuation distance for various hazardous materials. The ERG is unable to provide off-line medical direction and it cannot identify all the necessary resources for any hazardous materials incident.
Question 12 of 14
You are the first ambulance that has arrived at the scene of a Motor vehicle accident. (MVA) Upon arrival, what should your first action be?Correct
As an EMT, your personal safety should always be your primary concern. Therefore, you must assess the accident scene for any potential hazards before doing anything else.
Question 13 of 14
You are the first EMT to arrive at the scene of an overturned container truck. You notice a placard, but you cannot recognize the ID number on it. There is fluid leaking from the vehicle. What should you do?Correct
Your personal safety should be your primary concern as an EMT. Never enter the scene until the properly trained personnel have determined that it is safe to do so. The rescue team should never position themselves downhill from a hazardous materials incident.
Question 14 of 14
You and your partner are about to lift a 300-pound patient into the ambulance on a stretcher. In order to protect yourself from injury, you should:Correct
All heavy lifting must always be done using your legs rather that your back. Your back should be kept straight and your legs should be bent. Your feet should be shoulder width apart and your palms should be facing up. All these techniques will help you to avoid any injury.
Evelyn Ann Lucy
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